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War Aims in the Second World WarThe War Aims of the Key Belligerents 1939-1945$
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Victor Rothwell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748615025

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615025.001.0001

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The Soviet Union

The Soviet Union

(p.132) 5 The Soviet Union
War Aims in the Second World War

Victor Rothwell

Edinburgh University Press

The first section of this chapter describes Stalin and Soviet foreign policy, including ideology and criminality. Like German war aims, those of the Soviet Union in the Second World War were largely decided by one man operating within an ideology, though Soviet Marxism–Leninism was less the leader’s own construct than German Nazism was Hitler’s. The second section examines themes of caution and continuity in Russian/Soviet aims in two areas of direct concern: the regions of the Danube delta and the Straits between the Black Sea and the Aegean and the Mediterranean, and of the Baltic and Scandinavia. Succeeding sections consider Soviet aims in central Europe (including Germany and Poland) and how the Soviet Union visualised its postwar relationships with its two great wartime allies, Britain and the United States.

Keywords:   Stalin, Soviet foreign policy, Second World War, Black Sea, central Europe, Britain, United States, Marxism–Leninism

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