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The Transformation of ScotlandThe Economy since 1700$
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Tom M. Devine and Tom M. Devine

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748614325

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748614325.001.0001

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The Modernisation of Scottish Agriculture

The Modernisation of Scottish Agriculture

(p.184) Chapter Seven The Modernisation of Scottish Agriculture
The Transformation of Scotland

A. Cameron Ewen

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter shows how the agriculture sector underwent considerable modernisation, becoming increasingly capital intensive and less labour intensive. Agriculture also benefited from various regimes of state subsidies, with a major change occurring when Britain joined the European Economic Community, with its Common Agricultural Policy, in 1973. By the end of the century environmental issues had began to have an impact on farming at a time when fewer people earned their livelihood from the land than ever before. Notwithstanding the link provided between the urban population and the countryside by commuting and tourism, the urban population and the farming community were further apart in terms of shared interests by 2000 than they had been in mid-century.

Keywords:   Scottish economy, agricultural sector, capital intensive, state subsidies, urban population, farming community

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