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Sicily from Aeneas to AugustusNew Approaches in Archaeology and History$
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Christopher J. Smith and John Serrati

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780748613670

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613670.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 17 May 2021

The Tyrant’s Myth

The Tyrant’s Myth

(p.97) 8 The Tyrant’s Myth
Sicily from Aeneas to Augustus

Lewis Sian

Edinburgh University Press

Sicily has always offered an excellent arena for an examination of tyranny, especially in the fourth century. The tradition of Sicilian tyranny was strong, beginning in the seventh century with figures such as Phalaris of Agrigentum, and continuing into the fifth with Anaxilas of Rhegium and the Deinomenids at Syracuse. In the fourth century, in common with many other areas, Sicily saw the emergence of new and powerful autocratic rulers, Dionysius the Elder and his successor Dionysius II at the beginning of the century, and Agathocles at its close. The prevalence of tyranny in the fourth century, in places across the Greek world, from Sicyon and Pherai to Heracleia and Halicarnassos, is often presented either as a peripheral phenomenon, unrelated to the development of the ‘major’ poleis. There is also a tendency to underestimate the sophistication of tyrannies in this period, in terms of both how tyrants presented themselves and what they achieved.

Keywords:   Sicily, tyranny, Phalaris, Anaxilas, Deinomenids, Dionysius the Elder, Dionysius II, Agathocles, poleis

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