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Sicily from Aeneas to AugustusNew Approaches in Archaeology and History$
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Christopher J. Smith and John Serrati

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780748613670

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613670.001.0001

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Garrisons and Grain: Sicily between the Punic Wars

Garrisons and Grain: Sicily between the Punic Wars

(p.115) 10 Garrisons and Grain: Sicily between the Punic Wars
Sicily from Aeneas to Augustus

John Serrati

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines the role of the Romans in Sicily between the First and Second Punic Wars, and illustrates the island's role in the development of Roman provinciae, demonstrating that early administrative structures were put in place. No administrative structure as yet existed by which Rome could govern a province. However, an analysis of the sources indicates that some sort of structure did exist before the installation of the first praetor to govern Sicily in 227. There is also evidence to show that Sicily had a garrison during this period. In the realm of taxation, the Romans did not have to invent a tax structure in conquering Sicily, as it made more sense merely to continue to use agricultural tithes that had existed in Sicily from at least the fifth century. Any examination of Sicily during this period would not be complete without first exploring the independent kingdom of Syracuse.

Keywords:   Romans, Sicily, Punic Wars, administrative structure, Rome, province, praetor, garrison, taxation, Syracuse

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