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Rome in Late AntiquityEveryday Life and Urban Change, AD 312-609$
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Bertrand Lancon

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780748612390

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612390.001.0001

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The phoenix city: War and invasion in the fifth and sixth centuries

The phoenix city: War and invasion in the fifth and sixth centuries

(p.35) Chapter 3 The phoenix city: War and invasion in the fifth and sixth centuries
Rome in Late Antiquity

Menno Fenger

Paul Henman

Edinburgh University Press

From the end of the third century, Rome ceased to be the emperors' principal residence. In the wake of intrigues in Constantinople in 400–402, the Goths who were settled in the Balkans and Illyria made a move towards Italy. This chapter shows that the expedition of the Vandals against Rome was a simple raid, and not the prelude to an invasion of Italy. Rome did not undergo destruction and massacres, but was weakened by the exodus of its wealth and its élite. The Roman Church had lost the liturgical furnishings of its tituli, which Pope Leo had to renew in their entirety. The Vandal sack, in this instance, had been a profitable act of piracy coupled with diplomatic victory. The chapter also explores the civil war and the devastation of the Gothic war.

Keywords:   Rome, Constantinople, Goths, Italy, expedition, Vandals, Church, Pope Leo, civil war, Gothic war

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