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Rome in Late AntiquityEveryday Life and Urban Change, AD 312-609$
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Bertrand Lancon

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780748612390

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612390.001.0001

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The influence of Christian Rome

The influence of Christian Rome

(p.157) Chapter 13 The influence of Christian Rome
Rome in Late Antiquity

Menno Fenger

Paul Henman

Edinburgh University Press

The power of dissident theologies – Arianism, then Nestorianism and Monophysitism – in the eastern part of the Roman empire established the bishop of Rome as a moral and political authority to whom the eastern Nicene Christians could appeal. The bishop intended to give the apostolic see an authority that extended beyond the bounds of Rome and Italy. The influence of Rome's word was not confined to the west, a fact eloquently demonstrated by the translation of Gregory the Great's treatise on Pastoral Care into Greek. As for Britain, it had witnessed Roman administration and troops finally withdrawn around 410. Christianity had certainly managed to penetrate these regions. Gregory wanted to consolidate and give a firm base to a vulnerable Christianity by means of ecclesiastical institutions: strong links between the British Isles and Rome were central to this movement.

Keywords:   Arianism, Nestorianism, Monophysitism, bishop, Rome, Italy, Gregory the Great, Pastoral Care, Britain, Christianity

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