Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
From Caledonia to Pictland Scotland to 795$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

James Fraser

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748612314

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612314.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 16 October 2021

New Nations: Caledonia From Cerialis to Caracalla

New Nations: Caledonia From Cerialis to Caracalla

(p.15) Chapter 1 New Nations: Caledonia From Cerialis to Caracalla
From Caledonia to Pictland Scotland to 795

James E. Fraser

Edinburgh University Press

On 4 February 211, L. Septimius Severus died at the city of Eboracum (modern York). The old Libyan usurper was the third ruling emperor of the Romans to set foot in their province of Britannia in southern Britain, and expired in the midst of his country's third major war in the north of the island. According to a History written some years later by Cassius Dio — a senator who had served in the emperor's advisory council during the war — Severus's enemies were two barbarian nations (genoi). One of these, the Calidones, had been known to the Romans for more than a century. Dio observed that in 197 the Calidones ‘did not abide by their promises’ to Rome, a pretext for war which reflected ongoing diplomatic contact stretching back for generations. The relationships cultivated between the Romans and the various barbarian peoples of northern Britain over that time were complex and variable. They remained so after 211, but Severus's achievement in northern Britain represents a watershed of significance for the whole period examined in this book.

Keywords:   L. Septimius Severus, Romans, Brittania, Calidones, Cassius Dio, northern Britain

Edinburgh Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.