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The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition'
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The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition': An Annotated Translation by Nu'aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi

Nu'aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi


“The Book of Tribulations by Nu`aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi (d. 844) is the earliest Muslim apocalyptic work to come down to us. Its contents focus upon the cataclysmic events to happen before the end of the world, the wars against the Byzantines, and the Turks, and the Muslim civil wars. There is extensive material about the Mahdi (messianic figure), the Muslim Antichrist and the return of Jesus, as well as descriptions of Gog and Magog. Much of the material in Nu`aym today is utilized by Salafi-jihadi groups fighting in Syria and Iraq.

Keywords: Antichrist, Mahdi, jihad, judgment, banner, Syria, Constantinople, signs

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9781474424103
Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2019 DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424103.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Nu'aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi, author