The overall domestic context following the full defeat of the old regime in Turkey, and the main contours of the Islamist (‘Islamo-nationalist’, Millî Görüş) populism now in full swing, are described in this chapter. The discussion looks into the mood in the pro-government circles, with some emphasis on the Islamist speculations on democracy—terrifying to the secular masses—and the effective rule by policy, rather than law, enabled by the growing cult of Erdogan. This chapter also describes the spectacular fall out between the government and the former allies, who strongly shared in the power through the new bureaucracy, the Gulen cult. One centrifugal factor detected in portraying the setting is the formal commitment to the human rights protection system in Europe, which, paradoxically, acquired greater intensity during the regime change in a desperate attempt on the part of the government to by-pass the former centres of power.
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