- Title Pages
- Notes on contributors
- 1 The common origin approach to comparing Indian and Greek philosophy
- 2 The concept of <i>ṛtá</i> in the <i>Ṛgveda</i>
- 3 <i>Harmonia</i> and <i>ṛtá</i>
- 4 <i>Ātman</i> and its transition to worldly existence
- 5 Cosmology, <i>psyche</i> and <i>ātman</i> in the <i>Timaeus</i>, the <i>Ṛgveda</i> and the <i>Upaniṣads</i>
- 6 Plato and yoga
- 7 Technologies of self-immortalisation in ancient Greece and early India
- 8 Does the concept of <i>theōria</i> fit the beginning of Indian thought?
- 9 Self or <i>being</i> without boundaries: on Śaṅkara and Parmenides
- 10 Soul chariots in Indian and Greek thought: polygenesis or diffusion?
- 11 ‘Master the chariot, master your Self’: comparing chariot metaphors as hermeneutics for mind, self and liberation in ancient Greek and Indian sources
- 12 New riders, old chariots: poetics and comparative philosophy
- 13 The interiorisation of ritual in India and Greece
- 14 Rebirth and ‘ethicisation’ in Greek and South Asian thought
- 15 On affirmation, rejection and accommodation of the world in Greek and Indian religion
- 16 The justice of the Indians
- 17 Nietzsche on Greek and Indian philosophy
Harmonia and ṛtá
Harmonia and ṛtá
- (p.40) 3 Harmonia and ṛtá
- Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought
- Edinburgh University Press
Greek harmonia and Sanskrit rta, both meaning cosmological principles of order, both derive from an Indo-European root meaning to fit or arrange. The similarity of harmonia and rta is explored in various texts: the Rgveda and the fragments of Philolaus, Empedocles, and Heraclitus. Each term refers to a cosmological principle that involves a harmonic regulation of opposites and that has moral applications. At the most abstract level, harmonia and rta each involve the dynamic fitting together of disjointed entities in both the macrocosm (nature) and the self (microcosm).
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