Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
A Global ForceWar, Identities and Scotland's Diaspora$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David Forsyth and Wendy Ugolini

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474402736

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402736.001.0001

Show Summary Details

‘A military fervour akin to religious fanaticism’: Scottish Military Identity in the Australian Imperial Force

‘A military fervour akin to religious fanaticism’: Scottish Military Identity in the Australian Imperial Force

Chapter:
(p.128) 6 ‘A military fervour akin to religious fanaticism’: Scottish Military Identity in the Australian Imperial Force
Source:
A Global Force
Author(s):

Craig Tibbitts

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402736.003.0007

This chapter highlights the long-term influence of Scottish military traditions and identity in Australia, dating back to the arrival of a battalion of the 73rd Highland Regiment in New South Wales in 1810. From the 1860s, several home-grown ‘Scottish’ volunteer militia units were established in the Australian colonies. This coincided with a peak period of Scottish emigration to Australia with some 265,000 settling between 1850 and 1914. With the outbreak of the First World War, Australia quickly raised a contingent to assist the Empire. Several Scottish-Australian militia regiments sought incorporation into the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) but with limited success. This chapter highlights how the existence of Scottish military identities conflicted with the desire of the AIF that its identity be entirely Australian as means of forging the identity of the new Commonwealth of Australia. At the same time, a small number of AIF units managed to maintain some small degree of Scottish flavour about them. Those such as the 4th, 5th and 56th Battalions which had many join en- masse from the pre-war ‘Scottish’ militia regiments, provide examples of how this identity survived and was influenced by some key officers and NCOs of Scots heritage.

Keywords:   Australia, Identities, Scottish, Regiments, First World War

Edinburgh Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.