Divided into four sections, the chapter first examines Heidegger’s understanding of Nietzsche’s philosophy as the end of metaphysics, positioning Heidegger himself to take up the charge of overcoming metaphysics. This chapter then recounts Heidegger’s analysis of the stages of aesthetics and the parallel of Nietzsche’s culminating position therein to that of metaphysics as understood in the previous section, foregrounding the connection between the aesthetic and the ontological which will become the key to Heidegger’s rethinking philosophy. Next, the chapter examines Nietzsche’s eternal return in light of Heidegger’s ecstatic temporality. The structure of crisis as the condition of the eternal return is developed and connected to Heideggerian themes of need and temporality. In the final section Heidegger’s own formulation of the essential nature of man is developed out of a reflection on Nietzsche’s overman, as a response and alternative interpretation of a possible future people.
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