Thomas Middleton and William Rowley's The Changeling
The relationship between individuals and economic systems was of great concern to mercantile writers. ‘Balance of trade’ theorists Thomas Mun and Edward Misselden suggested that impersonal economic forces could supersede individual will, whereas Gerard Malynes maintained that they were always ultimately subject to human control. This chapter argues that the blending of mimesis and allegory in Renaissance dramatic characters is well suited to presenting the tension between conceptualising the individual as controlling economic transactions and conceptualising the individual as controlled by economic forces. Mimetic representation places emphasis on the individual by highlighting those unique qualities that differentiate each character. Allegorical representation presents characters as embodiments of abstract ideas or social types. Thomas Middleton and William Rowley's The Changeling provides one example. Beatrice-Joanna undergoes a radical transformation linked to economic exchange when hiring DeFlores to kill her fiance unexpectedly transforms her into DeFlores's paramour. In Beatrice-Joanna's case, this transformation is presented as a pseudo-allegorical violence enacted on a pseudo-realistic character. Beatrice-Joanna is fascinating precisely because she oscillates between appearing as a real person and appearing as a patently artificial rhetorical construction, an oscillation that reiterates the tension between her appearance as agentive subject and passive object in the play's economic/erotic transactions.
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