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Reflections on the Astronomy of GlasgowA story of some 500 years$
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David Clarke

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748678891

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.001.0001

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To the New Millennium

To the New Millennium

Chapter:
(p.330) Chapter 12 To the New Millennium
Source:
Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow
Author(s):

David Clarke

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0012

This chapter completes the Glasgow story covering the huge expansion of teaching and research in astronomy locally, nationally and internationally from the 1950s. Following Smart's retirement, Peter Sweet was appointed as Chair holder; he had international acclaim through the headings of ‘Eddington-Sweet circulation’ and ‘Sweet-Parker magnetic recombination’. His research into solar matters led to the analyses of data from satellite platforms advanced by his student John Brown who later became 10th Astronomer Royal for Scotland, the first not to have direct connection with Edinburgh University, and then 10th holder of the Glasgow Regius Chair. Solar space-based studies now form the main research themes of the group. Another strong research theme has been in astrodynamics under the lead of Professor Archie Roy. New observatories at Acre Road and Cochno are described. Optical polarimetry both from observational and theoretical standpoints has also been a successful theme. Instruments developed in Glasgow have been taken to observatories in Arizona and South Africa. In 1986, the independence of a separate Astronomy Department ended by amalgamation with Natural Philosophy to form the Department of Physics and Astronomy, this reflecting the changes of the general scene of developing associations of cosmology and particle physics.

Keywords:   Professor Peter Sweet, Eddington-Sweet circulation, Sweet-Parker magnetic recombination, Professor Archie Roy, Astrodynamics, Professor John Brown, Solar spaced-based studies, Stellar polarimetry, Acre Road Observatory, Cochno Observatory

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