Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780748678662

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.001.0001

Show Summary Details



(p.1) Chapter 1 Introduction
Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Karl Widerquist

Grant S. McCall

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter defines “the Hobbesian hypothesis” as the claim that the Lockean proviso is fulfilled: everyone benefits from the state and/or the property rights system. The chapter previews the book’s arguments, including these five: 1. Although previously unnamed, this hypothesis has been used in many prominent political theories for at least 350 years. 2. This hypothesis is an empirical claim about all stateless peoples. 3. Despite equivocation, social contract justifications of the state and natural rights justifications of property use this hypothesis as a fundamental premise. 4. Most philosophers who rely on it have asked readers to assume it is true without offering evidence. 5. It is false.

Keywords:   State of nature, Social contract (theory), Lockean proviso, Hobbesian hypothesis, Property (property rights theory), Thomas Hobbes, Contractarian (-ism), Libertarian (-ism), Statelessness (stateless people)

Edinburgh Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.