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Neo-Liberal IdeologyHistory, Concepts and Policies$
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Rachel S. Turner

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780748632688

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632688.001.0001

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The ‘rebirth of liberalism’

The ‘rebirth of liberalism’

(p.47) Chapter 3 The ‘rebirth of liberalism’
Neo-Liberal Ideology

Rachel S. Turner

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines the ideological context within which neoliberal ideology evolved in the twentieth century. It sets out the historical and ideological context that witnessed the ‘end of laissez-faire’ and the rise of a new political creed in the form of collectivism. The chapter goes on to explore the historical development of neo-liberal ideology in the post-war period: the founding of the Mont Pelerin Society and the growth of schools of thought and think-tanks that influenced the rise of neo-liberalism in this period. It argues that the rise of neo-liberalism was not simply a revival of classical liberal doctrines in the twentieth century, but was predominantly a movement of reaction to the collectivist threat facing liberalism.

Keywords:   neoliberal ideology, collectivism, Mont Pelerin Society, neo-liberalism

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