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Neo-Liberal IdeologyHistory, Concepts and Policies$
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Rachel S. Turner

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780748632688

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632688.001.0001

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The ‘rebirth of liberalism’

The ‘rebirth of liberalism’

Chapter:
(p.47) Chapter 3 The ‘rebirth of liberalism’
Source:
Neo-Liberal Ideology
Author(s):

Rachel S. Turner

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632688.003.0003

This chapter examines the ideological context within which neoliberal ideology evolved in the twentieth century. It sets out the historical and ideological context that witnessed the ‘end of laissez-faire’ and the rise of a new political creed in the form of collectivism. The chapter goes on to explore the historical development of neo-liberal ideology in the post-war period: the founding of the Mont Pelerin Society and the growth of schools of thought and think-tanks that influenced the rise of neo-liberalism in this period. It argues that the rise of neo-liberalism was not simply a revival of classical liberal doctrines in the twentieth century, but was predominantly a movement of reaction to the collectivist threat facing liberalism.

Keywords:   neoliberal ideology, collectivism, Mont Pelerin Society, neo-liberalism

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