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Pursuing the GoodEthics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic$
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Douglas Cairns and Fritz-Gregor Herrmann

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748628117

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.001.0001

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Neutralism In Book I of the Republic

Neutralism In Book I of the Republic

(p.76) 4 Neutralism In Book I of the Republic
Pursuing the Good

George Rudebusch

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter shows that both the ruler-qua-ruler argument and the rulers-in-our-cities argument refute Thrasymachus' doctrine that the truly wise are egoists. Those arguments establish the thesis of wisdom's neutralism, not altruism. While Tony Chu's argument would establish that, after all, the wise must be egoists, his argument depends upon two false premises, C1 and C2. The falsity of these premises is further support for the thesis of wisdom's neutralism. The wise ruler qua ruler, who rules freely and agent neutrally, is a person. This wise person does not rule involuntarily and subordinated to his own needs, as do the rulers identified in T by Thrasymachus.

Keywords:   Thrasymachus, ruler-qua-ruler, egoists, wisdom

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