Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The United States and Iraq since 1979Hegemony, Oil and War$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Steven Hurst

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748627677

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627677.001.0001

Show Summary Details

The Persian Gulf War, 1990–1991

The Persian Gulf War, 1990–1991

(p.83) Chapter 3 The Persian Gulf War, 1990–1991
The United States and Iraq since 1979

Steven Hurst

Edinburgh University Press

1989–1990 saw American efforts to co-opt Iraq reach a peak during the administration of George H.W. Bush. That strategy was abandoned, however, after Saddam Hussein, in a desperate bid to solve economic problems resulting from his eight year war with Iran, invaded and attempted to annex Kuwait in August 1990. Perceiving a direct threat to American control over the flow of oil from the Gulf, the Bush administration soon decided that Iraqi forces must be expelled from Kuwait by whatever means necessary. Having built careful support for this position, Bush launched the Persian Gulf War of 1991, which saw Iraqi forces routed and Kuwaiti sovereignty restored. The Bush administration did not invade Iraq or seek to eliminate Saddam Hussein, however, out of fear that such actions would serve only to empower Iran. They therefore fell back on a policy of sanctions and weapons inspections designed to permanently neutralise the Iraqi threat and, hopefully, to cause Saddam's fall.

Keywords:   George H. W. Bush, Persian Gulf War, Saddam Hussein, Oil, Kuwait, United Nations, UNSCR 678, UNSCR 687

Edinburgh Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.