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The United States and Iraq since 1979Hegemony, Oil and War$
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Steven Hurst

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748627677

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627677.001.0001

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Towards a New Relationship, 1979–1984

Towards a New Relationship, 1979–1984

(p.24) Chapter 1 Towards a New Relationship, 1979–1984
The United States and Iraq since 1979

Steven Hurst

Edinburgh University Press

The Iranian Revolution undermined America's hegemonic position in the Persian Gulf, transforming Iran from America's proxy into the primary regional threat to American interests. The Carter and Reagan administrations had therefore to seek a new strategy to preserve American regional hegemony. When Saddam Hussein instigated the Iran-Iraq war only to find it begin to go against him, the Reagan administration decided it had no choice but to prop up the Iraqi regime since an Iranian victory would leave the latter in a position to dominate the Gulf, menace Saudi Arabia and America's other regional allies and thus pose a deadly threat to American interests.

Keywords:   Reagan, Iran-Iraq War, Saddam Hussein, Hegemony

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