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Sweden, the Swastika and StalinThe Swedish experience in the Second World War$
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John Gilmour

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780748627462

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627462.001.0001

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Towards the Turning Point, July 1941–July 1943

Towards the Turning Point, July 1941–July 1943

(p.74) 4 Towards the Turning Point, July 1941–July 1943
Sweden, the Swastika and Stalin

John Gilmour

Edinburgh University Press

The period between July 1941 and January 1943 initially saw Sweden trying desperately to protect itself from the consequences of a rising tide of German success in the east. Then, as the German zenith passed, Sweden began to prepare for the adjustments required to accommodate the growing power of the Western Allies, who after December 1941 significantly included the formerly neutral United States. Sweden also kept an eye on the advancing Red Army and the prospects for Germany’s co-combatant, Finland, in the event of Soviet success. The objectives of the Allies were for Sweden to reduce its exports to the Axis countries, stop financial credits to Germany and reduce further the ‘Leave Traffic’ in return for agreement on quotas of goods vital to Sweden. The decision to end the transit of German troops in July 1943 was a return to Sweden’s pre-June 1940 neutrality.

Keywords:   Schnurre, George Binney, Victor Mallet, Oil, coal and coke, Safe-Conduct Traffic, Lejdtrafiken eller Göteborgstrafiken, War Trade Agreement (WTA), Operation Performance, Lionel and Dicto, Hitler and King Gustav

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