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Assessing the George W. Bush PresidencyA Tale of Two Terms$
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Andrew Wroe and Jon Herbert

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748627400

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627400.001.0001

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No Child Left Behind: The Politics and Policy of Education Reform

No Child Left Behind: The Politics and Policy of Education Reform

Chapter:
(p.182) Chapter 12 No Child Left Behind: The Politics and Policy of Education Reform
Source:
Assessing the George W. Bush Presidency
Author(s):

Jonathan Parker

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627400.003.0012

Following his controversial ascendancy to the presidency, George W. Bush promised to be a ‘uniter, not a divider’. In the field of education, he fulfilled this promise by successfully shepherding the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) into law. Despite the highly charged partisanship of that time, he courted and won the support and co-operation of leading Democrats. Even more extraordinarily, Bush retained the support of his own party in Congress for an education bill that expanded significantly the federal government's influence and involvement in education at the state and local levels. NCLB increased federal education funding to states but reduced states' control over how they spent it. This chapter discusses the politics and policy of education reform in the United States under the Bush administration, focusing on the NCLB. It first looks at the country's previous federal education policy and then considers the passage of NCLB as well as the implementation and future of NCLB.

Keywords:   George W. Bush, United States, education reform, No Child Left Behind Act, education funding, politics, education policy

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