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Newfoundland and Labrador English$
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Sandra Clarke

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780748626168

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626168.001.0001

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Vocabulary and discourse features

Vocabulary and discourse features

(p.102) 4 Vocabulary and discourse features
Newfoundland and Labrador English

Sandra Clarke

Andrew Erskine

Edinburgh University Press

Despite some lexical similarities with the neighbouring Maritime Provinces of Canada, Newfoundland English has a sufficiently distinctive lexicon to have merited its own dictionary. Chapter 4 documents and illustrates the main sources of this distinctiveness. These include retention of lexical items that represent archaisms elsewhere; preservation of much West Country English regional vocabulary; lexical borrowing from Irish Gaelic; and borrowing (of place names in particular) from French, as well as from the province’s aboriginal languages (Mi’kmaq, Innu-aimun, Inuktitut). The chapter also discusses neologisms and lexical loss, as well as regional variation. In addition, it outlines the chief processes underlying semantic change in Newfoundland English, much of which involves maritime-related vocabulary. Discourse features covered include terms of address and discourse particles.

Keywords:   lexical archaisms, lexical borrowing, Irish Gaelic, West Country English vocabulary, neologisms, semantic change, maritime vocabulary, lexical loss, terms of address, discourse particles

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