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Sufism and Theology$
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Ayman Shihadeh

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748626052

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626052.001.0001

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Reconciling Sufism with Theology: Abū l-Wafā al-Taftāzānī and the Construct of ‘al-Taṣawwuf al-Islāmī’ in Modern Egypt

Reconciling Sufism with Theology: Abū l-Wafā al-Taftāzānī and the Construct of ‘al-Taṣawwuf al-Islāmī’ in Modern Egypt

Chapter:
(p.177) 10 Reconciling Sufism with Theology: Abū l-Wafā al-Taftāzānī and the Construct of ‘al-Taṣawwuf al-Islāmī’ in Modern Egypt
Source:
Sufism and Theology
Author(s):

Andreas Christmann

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626052.003.0011

This chapter begins by analysing al-Taftāzānī's construct of ‘al-Tasawwuf al-Islāmī’. It focuses on his discursive strategies by which he tried to harmonise the mystical experiences of Sufism with modern Salafic ideals of Islamic reformism. This analysis is followed by a study of his attempts to demonstrate the harmonious relationship between Sufism and theology. This is done within the context of his lifelong goal to create a ‘religious philosophy’ that provides Muslims with an Islamically authentic Weltanschauung. Emulating al-Ghazali's Ihya 'ulūm al-dīn, it brings together all of Islam's traditional sciences. The analysis of these two parts is limited to the examination of al Taftāzānī's composition. The chapter ends with considerations on the politics of al-Taftāzānī's ‘discourse of harmony’.

Keywords:   al-Taftāzānī, al-Tasawwuf al-Islāmī, Sufism, Islamic reformism, Sufism and theology, religious philosophy, discourse of harmony

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