A number of friends and colleagues have given me help and advice in the writing of this book – Edmund Bosworth, Rhona Cullen, Margaret Graves, Shayea al-Hajeri, Colin Imber, Katy Kalemkerian, Craig Kennedy, Metin Kunt, Gary Leiser, Fiona Macintosh, Alex Mallett, Songul Mecit, Charles Melville, Sandy Morton, Shahla Suleiman, Yasir Suleiman, S¸ ebnem Susam-Sarayeva and Alaaddin Yalçınkaya. I am also very grateful to Jonathan Bloom for his skilful assistance in computer matters. Shortly before his death in December 2006, John Higgitt, despite his serious illness, and with his unfailing generosity of spirit, still found the strength to discuss aspects of this book with me.
Part of this book was written while I was fortunate enough to be at Dartmouth College in 2005 and I should like to thank colleagues there – and especially Marlene Heck, Kevin Reinhart, Gene Garthwaite, Christopher MacEvitt and Susan Ackerman – and the library staff, for their generous help. I should also like to acknowledge my gratitude to the staff of Edinburgh University Library, and especially colleagues in the Special Collections section.
As usual, I have received great support from Edinburgh University Press, and especially from Nicola Ramsey, Ian Davidson, James Dale and Eddie Clark. It is always a pleasure to work with them. My sincere thanks are also due to my copy-editor Judith Oppenheimer for all her careful work, and to Moyra Forrest for compiling an excellent index.
I should also like to mention Professor Speros Vryonis Jr, who has worked on the subject of Manzikert for many years. In 2006 I wrote to him explaining the interest I had long had in writing a historiographical study of the Islamic sources for the battle of Manzikert and telling him that much of the work was almost completed. However, I did not want to duplicate what he had done. He replied in characteristically generous fashion and we both agreed that there was room for (p.x) two books on Manzikert, especially from two scholars who come from rather different academic backgrounds.
I was fortunate to have Professor Geoffrey Lewis as my teacher at Oxford and the late John Walsh as my Ph.D. supervisor at Edinburgh; both of them were inspiring in their academic commitment to the study of Turkish and Turkey. I should like to record my gratitude to them.
I am very thankful indeed to Ruth Macrides for her great kindness and generosity of spirit in allowing me to include her translation of Attaleiates' account of the battle of Manzikert in this book.
I have dedicated this book to Professor Victor Ménage as a token of my deep gratitude to him for the constant encouragement and support he gave me when I was starting out in the field of Turkish studies.
My debt to my husband Robert is, as always, enormous. He has helped through discussion, probing criticism, advice, expert proofreading, skill in choosing suitable illustrations and countless other ways, both academic and pastoral. I cannot find adequate words to thank him.