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Language and Politics$

John Joseph

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748624522

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624522.001.0001

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(p.163) Index

(p.163) Index

Source:
Language and Politics
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
Abstand, 25–7, 40, 54
abstract objectivism, 64
abstraction, 118–19
academe, 33
accommodation see Speech Accommodation Theory
advertising, 57, 111–12, 132, 141–2
Africa, 50–1, 62n, 142
agency, 17, 53–4, 136–43; see also choice
Ager, D. E., 62
Ainu, 45
Albanian, 60
Alter, S. G., 105
Americas, 49–51, 147
Ammon, U., 41, 62
Anderson, B., 27, 58
Andersson, L.-G., 107n
Andrew, S., 41
Androutsopoulos, J. K., 41
animal behaviour, 2, 20n
Annamalai, E., 62
anthropology, 26, 66, 117
appropriation, 53–4
Arabic, 23, 28, 30, 35, 45, 56, 69, 84n
Arbëresh, 60
Archer, M. S., 116, 137–9
Aristotle, 1–2, 4, 20n, 110–13, 118, 141
Armour, W. S., 60
Aronson, E., 134
Asia, 51
asylum policy, 56
audience design, 43, 80
Augustine, St, 43
Ausbau, 25–7, 38–40
Austin, J. L., 66, 101
Australia, 56, 101–3
authenticity, 9
authority see linguistic authority
Bakhtin, M. M., 45–6, 64–5, 84, 84n
Baldauf, R. B., 62
Ballantyne, G. B., 8–9
banal nationalism, 11, 48, 58–9, 147
Barclay, J., 8–9
Bargiela-Chiappini, F., 84
Barsamian, D., 121–2
Barsky, R., 121, 134
Basic English, 118–21, 132
Basque, 49
bawdy talk, 87, 94
BBC, 117, 135n
Bechhofer, F., 58
Beeching, K., 84
Belgian Congo, 50
Belgium, 10
beliefs, 26, 34, 41n, 76
Bell, A., 43
Bengali, 56
Berber, 142
Bernstein, B., 142
Bhabha, H. K., 147
Bhaskar, R., 137
Bible, 22, 31–2, 41n, 88, 98, 140
bilingualism, 10, 61, 63n
Billig, M., 11, 48, 58–9, 147
Bisong, J., 52
Blank, P., 41
blasphemy, 107n; see also swearing
Blommaert, J., 62
body and mind, 96
Bolton, K., 37, 41, 62
bonding, 18, 86, 95–6
Bonfiglio, T. P., 41
Bourdieu, P., 41n, 47–8, 59, 127, 138, 147
Braille, 56
Braun, F., 84n
Breitborde, L. B., 10
Breton, 85n
Britain see UK
British empiricism, 115, 142
(p.164) British Sign Language, 56
broadcasting, 39, 56, 97, 108n, 117, 133
Broccoli Theory, 141
Brown, A., 37
Brown, P., 67–9
Brown, R., 68
Bruthiaux, P., 63n
Brutt-Griffler, J., 42n
Burke, P., 30, 69
Burridge, K., 76
Bush, G. H. W., 13, 127
Bush, G. W., 13
Butler, J., 101
Byram, M., 62
Caesar, G. J., 13
California, 98–9, 108n
Cameron, D., 77, 84
Canada, 61
Canagarajah, A. S., 53–4
Cantonese see Chinese
capitalism, 139
Caribbean, 50
Carter, R., 124
Catalan, 40, 147–8
categories, 113
Celtic languages, 49, 52
censorship, 96–9
Centre and Periphery, 52–4, 145
Chaldean, 46
Chan, E., 41
Chase, S., 118–19
Cheshire, J., 41
Chilton, P., 127, 134
China, 29, 37, 50, 142–3
Chinese, 25–6, 28–9, 35, 45–6, 56, 61
characters, sexism in, 76–7
choice, 17, 44, 48–9, 53–4, 133–4, 137, 143–4, 146, 149; see also agency
Chomsky, N., 41n, 114, 121–6, 131, 133–4, 136, 145, 149
Christie, C., 84
Churchill, W., 13
CIA, 14–16
Cicero, M. T., 13
class, social, 79
and swearing, 89, 107n
aspiration, 10, 48
differences in identity, 142
differences in language, 34, 47, 71–3, 107n, 142
hatred, 126, 142, 144
lower-middle, particular significance of, 48, 50, 96
marking, 43, 71–3
solidarity, 54
struggle, 46, 65–6, 68, 79, 84, 115, 149
Clinton, B. J., 13
code-switching, 59, 61
cognition, 112–13
Cold War, 139
Coleridge, S. T., 44
colonial language policy, 37, 50
communication, 105
conceptualism, 113, 131, 134n
consumerism see market
Continental idealism, 115
conversation, 5–7, 143
Cook, Capt. J., 86
Cooke, M., 56
Cooper, R. L., 62
copyright, 18
corporations, 136, 139, 141, 149
corpus study, 125
Corson, D., 62
Coulmas, F., 62
courts of law, 55–6, 78–9, 83, 88, 91, 110–11, 133
Courtine, J.-J., 108n
Crawford, J., 62
Critical Discourse Analysis see CDA
Critical Realism, 137–9
Croatian, 25–6
crowd psychology, 142
Crowley, T., 41, 41n, 84
cultural cringe, 60
Cultural Imperialism theory, 52
culture, 33, 43, 54–5, 58, 67, 113, 131–2, 138, 146
Cummins, J., 62
cursing, 87; see also swearing
Cuss Control Academy, 94–5
Daco-Romance, 85n
Daftary, F., 57
Dan Michel, 88
Danish, 70
Dante Alighieri, 29–30, 35–6
Darwinism, 42n, 44
Data Protection acts, 106
Davies, A., 54, 63n
Day, G., 139–41
deep structure, 124
deferential address, 68–74, 81–2, 94–5, 105, 143
Defoe, D., 89, 93–4, 104
DeFrancis, J., 25–6, 41n
(p.165) democracy, 32, 55, 110, 116, 119, 126, 131–4, 149
Dessalles, J.-L., 1
Deumert, A., 41
dialect differences, 3, 48, 59
dialogism, 65
dictatorship, 119–20
diglossia, 10, 28, 44–5, 68
Disney, J., 87, 90–3
division of labour, 139–40
Donald VI of Scotland, 91
Dua, H. R., 62
Dunbar, R., 1
Dutch, 107n
EU, 11, 132, 147
Eastern Europe, 57, 61
ecological position, 67
economy, 33–6, 48, 56, 142–3, 146
Edgley, A., 134
Edinburgh City Council, 56
education, 4, 10, 43, 46–56, 60, 98–9, 142–3, 146–8
universal, 47–9, 105, 138
Edward VII, 107n
Eelen, G., 84
Eggington, W., 62
Eisenstein, E. L., 41
elite racism, 103, 108n, 127, 131
embodied habits, 59, 131–2
emotion, 110–11, 141
emphasis, unmarked, 73, 80
endangered languages, 146
England, 69, 91–3
English, 3–4, 7–13, 23–30, 34–40, 56–7, 59–61, 69, 74–104, 117–19, 130, 135n, 136–7, 148; see also World Englishes
Asian, in UK, 60
Jamaican, in UK, 59
spread of, 49–52, 63n, 142–6
Erling, E. J., 42n
Esperanto, 36, 39, 42n, 53
Estonia, 10
ethnic cleansing, 23
ethnic identity, 58–62, 96–7
Evans, S. J., 37, 50
evolution of language, 1, 82–3, 136
examinations and class system, 48
exogamy, 44
expertise, 26, 42n, 52
face, 5–7, 67–71
negative and positive, 67
Fairclough, n, 127, 130, 134
false consciousness, 51–2, 136–7
Ferguson, C. A., 44–5, 68
feudal organisation, 22
Fichte, J. G., 36
Fisher, J. H., 41
Fishman, J. A., 41, 45, 62
Flemish, 10
foreign borrowings, 57
formalism, Russian, 64
Foucault, M., 34, 41, 47, 115–16, 127
Fowler, E., 93
Fowler, R., 126
France, 23–4, 40, 47–50, 57, 73, 127–30
Franco, F., 40, 148
Frankfurt School, 66
freedom of expression and thought, 100, 104–7, 108n, 120–1, 124, 149
Freire, P., 47
French, 10, 23–4, 28, 30, 45, 47–9, 61, 68–71, 85n, 87, 97, 143, 148
French Revolution, 73
Freud, S., 117, 139
Friends, 85n
Gabilondo Pujol, A., 41
Gaelic, 26–7, 41n, 56, 59
Galtung, J., 52
Gardt, A., 62
gatekeepers, 32
Geertz, H., 107n
Gelber, K., 100–4, 108n
gender marking see language, gendered
General Semantics, 118–19
generative semantics, 126
genetic code, 136, 149
genocide, 57, 137
genres of writing and Ausbau, 39
Georgian, 84n
German, 45, 68–70, 148
Germanic languages, 25
Gibson, E., Bishop, 87–8, 90–3
Giles, H., 43, 109n
Gillies, W., 41n
Gilman, A. C., 68
Goffman, E., 5, 67–8
Gorham, M., 117
government, 10, 55–6, 100, 106–7, 121, 127, 132–8, 141, 146–9
grammar, 3–4, 19–20, 30–1, 35, 68, 89, 143
mental, 123–6
Gramsci, A., 52, 137
Grant, F., 92
Graves, R., 107n
Gray, D., 86
Greek, 20n, 20, 35–6, 45–6
(p.166) Grillo, R. D., 41
Grin, F., 56–7
Grob, L. M., 84
Gypsies see Roma
Habermas, J., 41n, 66, 101–2
habit, 88, 90–4, 117–18
habitus, 48, 132, 138
Haitian Creole, 45
Hall, Sarah M., 85n
Hall, Stuart, 147
Halliday, M. A. K., 115, 126
Harris, S., 84
Hatcher, A. G., 124–5
hate speech, 99–107
Hayakawa, S. I., 119, 135n
Head, B. F., 69
hearers, 43, 104, 112, 122–3
Hebrew, 23, 30, 46
hedges, 73, 78
hegemony, 17, 51–4, 127, 130, 136–7, 142–4
Henley, N., 77
Herman, E. S., 121
hesitation form, 78; see also pause filler
heteroglossia, 45–6, 60, 65
Hickey, L., 84
Hill, A. A., 124–5
Hiraga, M., 76
Hitler, A., 13, 117, 119, 142
Hobsbawm, E. J., 48, 96
Hogan-Brun, G., 11
Holborow, M., 54, 77, 116
Hollander, J., 123
Holmes, J., 72, 84, 85n
Honey, J., 34
Hong Kong, 10, 37, 50, 56, 61
Hopi, 114
Hughes, G., 107n
Hume, D., 9
Hungary, 57
Hutton, C. M., 23
hypercorrection, 73, 80
ICCPR, 100–1, 106
Iceland, 45
Ido, 42n
imagined community, 27, 58
immigrants, 24, 32–3, 57, 60, 103, 130, 148
immigration, 32–3, 56, 103, 128–30
imperialism, 49, 52, 121; see also linguistic imperialism
India, 50
indirect speech acts, 81
Indonesia, 71–3, 107n
Indonesian, 72–3
inflation of polite forms, 69
in-group and out-group, 24, 44, 147
inner speech, 19, 21n
institutions, 10, 136
intensifiers, 78, 88
interpretation, 58, 78, 82–4, 88, 120, 144
Chomsky's theory of, 123–6, 131–3, 136, 149
interruption, 6–7
intersubjective norms, 66
intimacy, 68–71, 94–5
intimidation, 47–9
intonation, 46, 72–4
invitation, 71, 81–2, 143
Iraq, 13–16, 130, 141
Ireland, 26, 42n, 94
Israel, 23
Italian, 29–31, 35, 56, 59, 70, 77, 85n
Italian Americans, Canadians, Australians, 59, 61
Italy, 29–31, 35, 60
Jakobson, R. O., 69
Japan, 45
Japanese, 56, 76, 143
Järve, P., 11
Jarvis, S., 66
Javanese, 71–3, 107n
Jefferson, G., 77
Jespersen, O., 107n
Joseph, J. E., 10, 20n, 34, 36, 41, 41n, 62n, 82, 84–5n, 105–6, 113–4, 116, 124, 134, 134n, 135n, 142, 146, 148
justice, 56–7, 83
Kaplan, R. B., 62
Kibbee, D. A., 62
Kienpointner, M., 84
Klemperer, V., 57
Kloss, H., 25–7, 38–9, 41
knowledge
linked to language, 32–6, 96, 104–5, 115–16, 145
politics of, 26, 34, 115–16
Knox, D. H., 8–9
Koran, 28
Korea, 45
Korzybski, A., 118–19
Kretzmann, N., 134, 134n
Kroskrity, P. V., 41
Kulick, D., 84
Kymlicka, W., 56–8, 63n
(p.167) labels, 103
Laforge, L., 62
Lakoff, R. T., 73, 77–9, 83–4
Landau, J. M., 62
Langton, R., 101
language
academy, 94
artificial, 36
as democracy, institution, 126
as magic key, mere garment, metaphysical garbage, 113–18, 132–3
as text through which culture is transmitted, 131–2
‘big’ and ‘small’, 10, 20n, 53, 142, 146
change, 33, 36, 59, 64, 79–84, 143–4
clean, 96
colonial, 49–50, 60
constructedness of, 3, 145
E-language and I-language, 41n
evolution of, 1
functions of, 19, 21n, 45–6, 83, 90, 104–6
gendered, 73–80, 83–4
heritage, 55, 146
inner, 4362n; see also inner speech
legislation, 23–4
literary, 25–7, 35, 39–40, 105, 124
national, rise of, 22, 29–36, 44, 47–9, 96
obscene, 86–7, 94, 99, 107n
offensive, 12–13, 86, 148–9
official, 55–6, 63n, 105, 135n
police state, 91–6
powerless, 78–80, 83–4
profane, 86107n; see also swearing
proper, 48, 96, 105
purification, 57
rights, 23–4, 54–8, 61–2, 143, 146
standard, 8–9, 25–36, 45–9, 52, 94, 105, 120, 142–8
structure of, 19–20, 45
teaching and learning of, 4, 27, 51–4, 145
Lapesa, R., 31
Lasswell, H., 121
Latvia, 11, 57, 142
laws against swearing, 91–4, 104–7, 143
Lebanon, 10, 142
Le Bon, G., 142
Lee, P., 134, 135n
Leets, L., 109n
legal translation, 56
legitimation, 147
Lenin V. I, 13
LePoire, B. A., 43
Lester, P. M., 97, 108n
Levinson, S. C., 67–9
liberation, 137
linguistic authority, 4, 9, 13, 17, 34
linguistic correctness, 3–4, 46, 96
linguistic creativity, 65, 122–6
linguistic identity, 3, 23–4, 27, 31, 39–40, 46, 58–62, 66, 80–4, 105–6, 135n, 143n, 147
linguistic imperialism, 49–54, 136–7, 142, 145–6
linguistic mind control cultural discourse frame, 116
linguistics, 2, 9, 20, 27–8, 33, 44, 66–8, 105–6, 113–14, 122–6, 136, 145, 149
Linn, A. R., 41
Locher, M. A., 84
Locke, J., 105, 139
Loi Toubon, 57
London bombings (2005), 103
Lord Haw-Haw (W. Joyce), 135n
Love, N., 135n
Lukács, G., 66
McConnell, G. D., 62
McLelland, N., 41
Makoni, S., 52, 63n
Malaysia, 52, 142–3
Maley, C. A., 85n
Malinowski, B., 66
Mansour, G., 62
market, 133, 139–40, 143–4
marketing, 141
Mar-Molinero, C., 62
Marryat, F., 102
Martīn-Rojo, L., 41
Marx, K., 51, 66, 115
Marxism, 22–3, 36, 46, 48, 54, 64–6, 77, 84n, 115–16, 135n, 137–8, 140, 143–4
base and superstructure, 65
mass media, 10, 133–4, 139, 149
Matheson, H., 117, 135n
Matsuda, M., 103
Mattheier, K. J., 41, 62
May, S., 62
Meyer, M., 134
Meyerhoff, M., 84
Meyers, R. A., 84
Michigan, 61
Microsoft, 132
MI5, 135n
mind-body dyad, 96
Ministry of Information (UK), 135n
(p.168) Minnini, G., 65
minority language policy, 11, 23–4, 49, 54–62, 63n, 146–8
Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms., 75
Mitchell, J., 20n
modernism, 86, 115
money as form of language, 41n, 143
Montagu, A., 88, 92, 107, 107n
Montaigne, Michel de, 30
movable type, 35, 133
Mühlhäusler, P., 84
multilingualism, 10, 33, 44–6
Murray, D. E., 41
Murray, L., 31
Myhill, J., 23
names and deference, 71
nation, 22–4, 44, 92–6, 105
nation-state, 57
national identity, 24, 29, 39–40, 57, 96, 135n, 147
national languages see language, national
naturalness, 9, 20n, 32, 89, 145
Nelde, P. H., 41, 62
new quotatives, 80
New South Wales, 101–3
Newspeak, 119–21, 126, 142
Ng, B. C., 76
Nietzsche, F., 115, 137
Noels, K., 109n
nominalism, 113, 131
non-standard usage, 33
norms of language, 13, 31–4, 44, 66, 87, 145
Northcliffe, Viscount, 116
Norwegian, 70, 85n
O'Barr, J. F., 73, 84
O'Barr, W. M., 78–9, 83–4, 85n
obscenity see language, obscene
O'Connor, J., 94–5
Ogden, C. K., 113–21
Orwell, G., 49, 117–23, 126, 142
Other, 24
Ottoman Empire, 62n
overinterpretation, 82
Palestine, 23
Passeron, J.-C., 47
Patten, A., 45, 56, 63n
pause filler, 90; see also hesitation form
Pauwels, A., 74–7
Pêcheux, M., 84n
Pei, M. A., 75
Pennycook, A., 41n
perception, 46, 82, 112–13
performativity, 58, 147–8
Perta, C., 60
Phillipson, R. K., 51–4, 63n, 130, 145–6
philosophy, 56–8, 66, 105, 137, 146
Plato, 34, 110, 112–13, 133
Poedjosoedarmo see Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo
Polish, 70
politeness theory, 68–9
political correctness, 12, 97, 108n
politics, meaning of, 2–3
Polynesia, 86
Portugal, 50
Portuguese, 30, 70, 85n
post-colonial contexts, 10
post-structuralism, 115–16, 136–7
practice, primacy of, 66
pragmatics, linguistic, 66, 81
Pratkanis, A., 134
prescriptivism, 33, 125
Priedīte, A., 11
print capitalism and print culture, 35, 41, 133
professionalism, 52
pronouns
marking for gender, 74–7
personal, and deference, 68–73, 81–2, 94–5, 105, 143
propaganda anxiety, 116–21, 130–4, 141–2, 149
Provençal, 40
psychology, 68, 107
public and private space, 10
publishing, 35–6
Punjabi, 55–6
Puritans, 92
Quakers, 82
Quebec French (Québécois), 28, 85n
question intonation in declarative context, 74, 80, 83
quotation, rather than paraphrase, 73, 78
racial epithets, 13, 96–104, 116
radio, 117
Rajagopalan, K., 52, 63n
Ramonet I., 134
Rampton, B., 59
Rauch, J., 102
(p.169) Ravitch, D., 97, 108n
Rawls, J., 56–7, 63n
Reagan, R., 13
realism, 113, 131, 137
reality, 112–13, 115, 118, 137
reason, 93–4, 115, 141
Reid, T., 105
religion, 25–6. 32–4, 43, 132, 145
resistance 37, 53–4, 60, 134, 141–2, 145, 148–9
Ricento, T., 62
Richards I. A., 113–19, 135n
Risager, K., 62
ritual, 82
Roma, 49, 52
Roman Catholic Church, 134
Roman Empire, 20
Romance languages, 4, 29–31, 45, 85n
Romania, 57
Romanticism, 142, 148
Roosevelt, F. D., 13
Ross, H. E., 107n
Rossi-Landi, F., 84n
Russell, B., 116
Russian, 11, 61
Russian Federation, 57
Russian Revolution, 73, 142
Sacks, H., 77
Saddam Hussein, 13
Sanskrit, 46
Sapir, E., 113–14, 125, 134n, 144
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis, 114–15, 119, 131–3, 134n
Saussure, F. de, 19, 36, 64–6, 84n, 114
“Saussure's tension”, 36
Saussure, R. de, 33
Schäffner, C., 134
Schegloff, E. A., 77
Schieffelin, B. B., 41
Schiffman, H. F., 62
Schneider, E. W., 41
school textbooks, 97–9, 106
Schopenhauer, A., 139
Schuh, R., 84
Scotland, 8–9, 20n, 26–7, 41n, 49, 55, 59, 67, 91–3, 105, 147
Scots, 55
Scottish common sense school, 105
Scrabble, 12–13, 21n, 96
Searle, J., 66, 101
security, 57–8, 61
Sélincourt, B. de, 42n
Serbia, 23
Serbian, 25–6
Shakespeare, W., 18–19
Shapiro, M. J., 84
Shepard, C. A., 43
Shetland Islands, 67
Siegel, J. T., 71–3, 107n
sign, linguistic, 46, 64–6, 79, 84, 115
silencing, 101–2
Silverstein, M., 135n
Simpson, O. J., 97, 108n
Singapore, 37–8
Skutnabb-Kangas, T., 51, 130
slang, 96
slavery, 62n
slips of the tongue, 96
Smith, Adam, 139
Smith, Anthony, 116–17
social, meaning of, 65
social class see class
social exclusion, 4–5
social forces, 48–9, 64, 86, 136, 149
Social Identity Theory, 24
social reproduction, 47–9
sociology, 66–8, 137
Socrates, 110, 112
Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo, 72
Sophists, 110, 112, 134n
South Asia, 35, 50
Spain, 40, 50, 121
Spanish, 30–1, 40, 56, 61, 68–70, 77
Speech Accommodation Theory, 43
Spender, D., 77
spin, 112, 120, 149
split infinitive, 31–2
Spolsky, B., 62
Sri Lanka, 142
Stalin, J., 13, 119
standard language see language, standard
Stein, D., 41
Stephens, E., 89–90, 92–3
Stewart, M., 84
Stoics, 113, 134n
Stroud, C., 146
structuralism, 48, 64–6, 135n, 136, 138
Sudan, 142
Suleiman, Y., 41, 84
Swaen, A. E. H., 89, 107n
swearing, 86–96, 99, 104–7, 143
Swift, J., 94
Swiss German, 45
symbolic belonging, 22
symbolic violence, 47–9
Syriac, 30, 46
systemic-functional grammar, 126
(p.170) taboo, 86, 94–9, 107, 144
tag questions, 73
Taiwan, 29
Tajfel, H., 24
Tamil, 10, 45–6
Tannen, D., 77
Taylor, C., 56
Taylor, T. J., 135n, 138
Texas, 98–9, 104
Thatcher, M., 148
third space, 147
Thomason, S. G., 84
Thornborrow, J., 84
Thorne, B., 77
thought shaped by language, 54; see also Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Todorov, T., 84n
Tollefson, J. W., 62
Tongan, 86
Tongue, R. K., 37
translation, 56
Trappes-Lomax, H., 80, 85n
truth, 66–7, 83, 105, 110–12, 131
Tsui, A. B. M., 41
Turkish, 56
Twomey, A., 103
Ukraine, 11
Ullmann, S., 107n
unconscious, 82, 117
Universal Grammar, 145
universal language schemes, 36, 42n, 105
universals, 113, 115
Urdu, 56
usage, 9
US English, 135n
USSR, 10, 61, 64, 73, 134, 139
Valencian, 40, 148
Vandenbussche, W., 41
van Dijk, T. A., 103, 127–31, 135n
variation, 30–1, 44–6, 79, 85n, 145
Veblen, T., 124–6
vibrato, 112
voice, 46
voice quality, 46, 112
Voloshinov, V. N., 19, 64–6, 68, 79, 84, 115
vulgar-materialist reductionism, 48
Wales, 49, 55, 148
Weinstein, B., 62
Welsh, 55
Whitney, W. D., 105, 126
Whorf, B. L., 114–15, 119, 134n, 135n
Wiley, T. G., 41
Wodak, R., 41, 62, 127, 134
Woolard, K. A., 41
World Englishes, 27, 37–9, 42n, 143, 145, 148
as an attitude, 145–8
Wren, H., 62
Wright, L., 41
Wright, S., 27, 62
writing, 27–9, 35, 46, 59, 148
writing system, 25–9
xenophobia, 108n, 128
Yiddish, 23
Zanzibar, Emperor of, 62n
Zeno, 134n
Ziegler, E., 41 (p.171) (p.172) (p.173) (p.174)