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A History of Scottish Philosophy$
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Alexander Broadie

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780748616275

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616275.001.0001

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Scotland Moves into the Age of Enlightenment

Scotland Moves into the Age of Enlightenment

Chapter:
(p.104) Chapter 6 Scotland Moves into the Age of Enlightenment
Source:
A History of Scottish Philosophy
Author(s):

Alexander Broadie

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616275.003.0006

This chapter considers three philosophers of the earliest years of the Scottish Enlightenment: Gershom Carmichael, George Turnbull and Francis Hutcheson. Carmichael, who is critical of many of Samuel Pufendorf's teachings, is for Pufendorf an important aspect of the cultivation of sociability, for the latter argues that the demand ‘that every man must cultivate and preserve sociability so far as he can’ is that to which all the duties are subordinate. The main lines of thinking in Turnbull's Principles of Moral Philosophy and Christian Philosophy are reviewed. Hutcheson wrote An Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue, a work comprising two treatises, the first concerning beauty and the second concerning virtue. Hutcheson's Essay further emphasises the role of the study of morals as a means to the practice of morality.

Keywords:   Scottish Enlightenment, Gershom Carmichael, George Turnbull, Francis Hutcheson, Scotland, Samuel Pufendorf, Moral Philosophy, Christian Philosophy, beauty, virtue

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