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War Aims in the Second World WarThe War Aims of the Key Belligerents 1939-1945$
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Victor Rothwell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748615025

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615025.001.0001

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The United States

The United States

Chapter:
(p.95) 4 The United States
Source:
War Aims in the Second World War
Author(s):

Victor Rothwell

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615025.003.0004

President Franklin D. Roosevelt was a leader of immense importance, but he was not the be-all and end-all of US Second World War aims. Perhaps the most important single American war aim directed against Britain related to Middle East oil supplies. Anti-imperialism as a war aim was axiomatic and congenial in relation to allies, as well as to the enemy powers. The rhetoric of Roosevelt’s presidency was uncompromising in its anti-imperialism from the start. As for internationalism, many Americans were obstinately uninterested in foreign policy issues and aims, even while the country was at war. Roosevelt was less willing than over Germany to bow to public opinion in relation to his most important war aim of fashioning a new international order.

Keywords:   oil supplies, Britain, US war aims, President Franklin Roosevelt, anti-imperialism, internationalism, Second World War

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