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War Aims in the Second World WarThe War Aims of the Key Belligerents 1939-1945$
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Victor Rothwell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748615025

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615025.001.0001

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Germany and Italy

Germany and Italy

(p.22) 2 Germany and Italy
War Aims in the Second World War

Victor Rothwell

Edinburgh University Press

Although not all people in the German orbit were intended to suffer so drastic a fate, it would be difficult to find statements that express better than these the true spirit of Nazi German war aims. This chapter also examines Italian war aims and Italy’s downward journey from unwanted ally of the Third Reich to national downfall, and becoming itself the object of expansionist German aims. While Hitler was not the sole progenitor of German war aims, he was of fundamental importance, and was not wholly typical of the radical right in the Germany of the Weimar Republic. There was a medium-power defensive element in the aims that impelled Italy to enter the war in Europe on 10 June 1940, centred on preserving the country as a fully independent state and the continuing rule of the Fascist Party by Mussolini.

Keywords:   Nazi German, Italy, Third Reich, national downfall, Hitler, Weimar Republic, Mussolini

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