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War Aims in the Second World WarThe War Aims of the Key Belligerents 1939-1945$
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Victor Rothwell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748615025

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615025.001.0001

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War Aims in Modern History

War Aims in Modern History

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 War Aims in Modern History
Source:
War Aims in the Second World War
Author(s):

Victor Rothwell

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615025.003.0001

War aims bearing some resemblance to those that were to feature in the Second World War may be dated back to the sixteenth century. If religious strife may be regarded as the ancestor of the ideological conflicts that were to influence the Second World War, the split between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism and the rising power of the Ottoman Empire as an Islamic superstate was a watershed. This chapter examines the evolution of war aims elucidated by the Kingdom of Great Britain; the urge of establishing Russia as a European power in the early eighteenth century; the greatest power in Europe – France – and the unfolding of its revolution from 1789; and Germany and its junior ally, Austria-Hungary, which was the driving force to war in 1914.

Keywords:   France, Britain, Russia, European powers, warfare, religious strife, Germany

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