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The Transformation of ScotlandThe Economy since 1700$
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Tom M. Devine and Tom M. Devine

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748614325

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748614325.001.0001

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The Regional Economies of Scotland

The Regional Economies of Scotland

(p.158) (p.159) Chapter Six The Regional Economies of Scotland
The Transformation of Scotland

David Newlands

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter is concerned with the evolving relationship between the Scottish economy and its constituent regions over the course of the twentieth century. It begins by considering the mechanisms by which regional economies prosper or stagnate. This prompts a series of questions. Have regional economic disparities in Scotland narrowed? Have regional economies become less distinctive? To what extent has the issue of regional disparities within Scotland been recognised and acted upon by public policy makers? What, in turn, has been the impact of policy upon the regional economies of Scotland? These thematic questions are analysed over four time periods. A snapshot of the regional economies of Scotland at the beginning of the twentieth century is given to provide a description of the economic structures inherited from the Victorian era. The processes of structural change which were at work between 1914 and 1945 are analysed next. These processes continued after the Second World War and gradually transformed the regional distribution of economic activity. Changes are discussed in the period up to 1975, this date chosen as marking the end of the long postwar boom, the first production of North Sea oil and the creation of the Scottish Development Agency. Finally, developments over the last quarter of the twentieth century are discussed.

Keywords:   Scottish economy, regional economy, economic disparities, economic activity, Victorian era, Second World War, North Sea oil, Scottish Development Agency

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