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The Transformation of ScotlandThe Economy since 1700$
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Tom M. Devine and Tom M. Devine

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748614325

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748614325.001.0001

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The Transformation of Agriculture: Cultivation and Clearance

The Transformation of Agriculture: Cultivation and Clearance

(p.71) Chapter Three The Transformation of Agriculture: Cultivation and Clearance
The Transformation of Scotland

T. M. Devine

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the transformation of agriculture, in Scotland. Industrialisation and agricultural transformation in Scotland were two sides of the same coin. So closely connected were the two movements that unravelling the complex texture of inter-relationships is a challenging task. On the one hand, the remarkable rise of industrial and urban employments in the eighteenth century created a much enlarged market of non-food producers, which in turn generated a massive new demand for the produce of Scottish farms. It was this factor above all else which provided the crucial incentive for investment and innovation in the new husbandry from the middle decades of the eighteenth century. Equally, however, agriculture itself was also one of the primary foundations of the Industrial Revolution. Without radical increase in the production of both foods and raw materials from within Scotland until the early nineteenth century, the whole process of rapid economic growth might have stalled.

Keywords:   Scottish economy, agricultural development, economic development, economic history, industrialization

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