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The Transformation of ScotlandThe Economy since 1700$
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Tom M. Devine and Tom M. Devine

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748614325

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748614325.001.0001

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Industrialisation

Industrialisation

Chapter:
(p.34) Chapter Two Industrialisation
Source:
The Transformation of Scotland
Author(s):

T. M. Devine

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748614325.003.0002

This chapter analyses the process of industrialisation in Scotland. It asks why there were unprecedented increases in rates of output in, first, textiles, then iron and steel, heavy engineering, and shipbuilding. It highlights Scots' ability to take advantage of the development of a truly international economy, with nations specialising in what they could produce better or cheaper than other nations. It points out that the transformation that is called industrialisation affected all economic activity, not least agriculture. The outcome of industrialisation in Scotland was flawed in two respects: a low standard of living, and wretched housing, of much of the population, and what proved after 1919 to be a vulnerable dependence on a limited range of export industries.

Keywords:   Scottish economy, economic development, economic history, industrialization, agriculture, export industries, housing, standard of living

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