Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Transformation of ScotlandThe Economy since 1700$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Tom M. Devine and Tom M. Devine

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748614325

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748614325.001.0001

Show Summary Details



(p.34) Chapter Two Industrialisation
The Transformation of Scotland

T. M. Devine

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter analyses the process of industrialisation in Scotland. It asks why there were unprecedented increases in rates of output in, first, textiles, then iron and steel, heavy engineering, and shipbuilding. It highlights Scots' ability to take advantage of the development of a truly international economy, with nations specialising in what they could produce better or cheaper than other nations. It points out that the transformation that is called industrialisation affected all economic activity, not least agriculture. The outcome of industrialisation in Scotland was flawed in two respects: a low standard of living, and wretched housing, of much of the population, and what proved after 1919 to be a vulnerable dependence on a limited range of export industries.

Keywords:   Scottish economy, economic development, economic history, industrialization, agriculture, export industries, housing, standard of living

Edinburgh Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.