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Sicily from Aeneas to AugustusNew Approaches in Archaeology and History$
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Christopher J. Smith and John Serrati

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780748613670

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613670.001.0001

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Sicily from Pre-Greek Times to the Fourth Century

Sicily from Pre-Greek Times to the Fourth Century

Chapter:
(p.9) 2 Sicily from Pre-Greek Times to the Fourth Century
Source:
Sicily from Aeneas to Augustus
Author(s):

Serrati John

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613670.003.0002

This chapter explores Sicily from pre-Greek times to the fourth century. In terms of archaeology, there appears to be very little cultural difference between the indigenes of the island, thus blurring any rigorous ethnic divides. Settlement evidence has been found on Sicily dating back to the Palaeolithic period, and the island shared in the revolution of agriculture in the Neolithic Age from the sixth millennium bc. The native cultures of Sicily in the latter half of the second millennium were, at least economically, firmly part of the Greek world of Mycenae. In 734, a group of colonists from Chalkhidia founded the first Greek settlement on Sicily at Naxos. From this point onwards, the landscape of Sicily would be changed forever. In the west of the island, the Phoenicians had first established themselves at Motya in the late eighth century.

Keywords:   Sicily, indigenes, settlement, Palaeolithic period, agriculture, cultures, Greek, Mycenae, Chalkhidia, Phoenicians

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