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Sex and Difference in Ancient Greece and Rome$
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Mark Golden and Peter Toohey

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780748613199

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613199.001.0001

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Archaeology and Gender Ideologies in Early Archaic Greece†

Archaeology and Gender Ideologies in Early Archaic Greece†

Chapter:
(p.264) 14 Archaeology and Gender Ideologies in Early Archaic Greece
Source:
Sex and Difference in Ancient Greece and Rome
Author(s):

Ian Morris

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613199.003.0014

This chapter discusses the role of archaeology in writing proper histories of Greek gender ideologies in the archaic period. The greatest achievement of feminist historians in the 1970s was to force the profession to take gender seriously as an organising principle in human history. Gender relations seem less rigid in Homer than in Hesiod or Semonides, and historians commonly argue that boundaries hardened during the early archaic period. The chapter looks at changes in the use of domestic space in the eighth century, and suggests that the contrast between Homer and the later sources represents an important diachronic shift in gender ideologies in the central parts of ancient Greece, around the shores of the Aegean Sea. It begins by analysing the evidence for household space in fifth- and fourth-century Athens and its relationships to gender ideologies, and then summarises some of the early archaic evidence.

Keywords:   Athens, ancient Greece, gender ideologies, Homer, household space, archaeology, gender relations

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