This chapter analyses late medieval Scottish lordship which shared many of the features of lordship found elsewhere in the British Isles where Norman ideas encountered native societies, resulting in a range of solutions from the outright imposition of Norman lordship in England to varieties of adaptation to local conditions elsewhere. It notes that the survival of lordship in later sixteenth-century Europe has been interpreted as a sign of societal backwardness and of the weakness of royal government. It discusses lordship where lords exercised power over their men, and that power was exercised differently in relation to different kinds of men, but lords had to negotiate with their men at the limits of that power. It observes that the societal values that defined good lordship, the nature of service by a range of men, and the dynamics of the lord's affinity contributed to the power of individual nobles and to the collective power of nobility.
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