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A History of the Native Woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920$
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T.C. Smout and Alan R. MacDonald

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780748612413

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612413.001.0001

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Woodland management in an industrial economy, 1830–1920 and beyond

Woodland management in an industrial economy, 1830–1920 and beyond

Chapter:
(p.258) Chapter 10 Woodland management in an industrial economy, 1830–1920 and beyond
Source:
A History of the Native Woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920
Author(s):

T. C. Smout

Alan R. MacDonald

Fiona Watson

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612413.003.0010

This chapter discusses woodland management from 1830 onwards. By 1830, Scotland was becoming an industrial country, with nearly a third of her population already living in towns of 5,000 inhabitants or more, and many even in the countryside dependent on the textile and mining industries for their income. The ideology of free trade, dominant over agricultural and other forms of protectionism by the 1840s, ensured that Scotland was part of a global market, exporting industrial goods and importing raw materials, including wood, unhindered. The highly efficient intensive farming of the Lowlands largely rode out the storm of globalisation to the end of the period, maintaining its reputation and profits. In the Highlands, the shift from upland peasant farming to a capitalist sheep monoculture altered the face of the land and destroyed old ways of management. When sheep lost their profitability in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the grouse moor and the deer forest became the dominant form of land use, with a coastal fringe of crofting. By all these developments, the Scottish woods were profoundly affected.

Keywords:   Scotland, Scottish woods, wood products, industrial economy, free trade

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