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Rome in Late AntiquityEveryday Life and Urban Change, AD 312-609$
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Bertrand Lancon

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780748612390

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612390.001.0001

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The expansion of Christianity

The expansion of Christianity

Chapter:
(p.98) Chapter 8 The expansion of Christianity
Source:
Rome in Late Antiquity
Author(s):

Menno Fenger

Paul Henman

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612390.003.0009

In the course of the fourth and fifth centuries, Roman Christianity experienced some divisive arguments, which, even if of small importance when compared with the conflicts raging in the eastern churches, nevertheless allowed certain minorities – such as Manichaeans, Arians and Novatians – to maintain a presence in the city. As early as the mid-fourth century, even before Christianity became the only religion upheld by the state, the bishop of Rome enjoyed an eminent position at the heart of Roman society. The gradual conversion to Christianity of the aristocratic strata of Roman society during the fourth and early fifth centuries led rich Romans to practise the evangelical duty of charity. Christian liturgy was influenced not by pagan rituals, but by imperial protocol.

Keywords:   Christianity, Manichaeans, Arians, Novatians, religion, Rome, charity, liturgy, rituals

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