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The Wars of Scotland 1214–1371$
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Michael Brown

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780748612376

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612376.001.0001

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King and Kingdom

King and Kingdom

(p.7) Chapter 1 King and Kingdom
The Wars of Scotland 1214–1371

Michael Brown

Edinburgh University Press

Late on the evening of Thursday, 4 December 1214, King William of Scotland died at Stirling. On the afternoon of Friday, 5 December, William's son Alexander, a youth of sixteen was crowned king. In a week of celebration and mourning, royal authority was transferred from William, who had ruled the kingdom for nearly half a century, to his young son, the new King Alexander II. What was Alexander inheriting? His kingdom was understood less as a territorial unit than as a collection of rights, customs and communities. At the centre and at the summit of this network stood the king. For the Scottish kingdom, the making of a new king, his inauguration, was the most important ceremony and the most important political act in the realm.

Keywords:   Scottish history, Scottish kingdom, King William of Scotland, King Alexander II, inauguration

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