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From Pictland to Alba, 789-1070$
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Alex Woolf

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748612338

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612338.001.0001

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The Scaldingi and the Transformation of Northumbria

The Scaldingi and the Transformation of Northumbria

Chapter:
(p.68) Chapter 2 The Scaldingi and the Transformation of Northumbria
Source:
From Pictland to Alba, 789-1070
Author(s):

Alex Woolf

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612338.003.0003

In order to understand events in Pictavia and Dál Riata following the deaths of King Wen and King Aed in the battle against the heathens in 839 the way that interaction with the Scandinavians affected their southern neighbour, Northumbria, must first be examined. This chapter discusses kings and coins in ninth-century Northumbria; the coming of the Scaldingi; and Northumbria after 867. By 900 Northumbria had suffered an enormous trauma of invasion and transformation, but the integrity of the kingdom had held out. Pictish attacks in the northeast had not led to boundary changes and while the far northwest, broadly Ayrshire, is a complete blank. The Whithorn area seems to have remained within the kingdom, and under a new Anglo-Danish Scalding dynasty coin production, which had ceased for a quarter of a century, was beginning to return.

Keywords:   Northumbria, Scandinavians, invasion, Ayrshire, Scalding dynasty, coin production

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